TippingPoint Zero Day Initiative

(0Day) Quest NetVault Backup Server checksession Authentication Bypass Vulnerability

ZDI-18-006: January 16th, 2018


CVSS Score

Affected Vendors

Affected Products

TippingPoint™ IPS Customer Protection

TippingPoint IPS customers are protected against this vulnerability by Digital Vaccine protection filter ID 28896. For further product information on the TippingPoint IPS:

Vulnerability Details

This vulnerability allows remote attackers to bypass authentication on vulnerable installations of Quest NetVault Backup.

The specific flaw exists within JSON RPC Request handling. By setting the checksession parameter to a specific value, it is possible to bypass authentication to critical functions. An attacker can leverage this in conjunction with other vulnerabilities to execute arbitrary code in the context of SYSTEM.

Vendor Response

Quest states:

This vulnerability is being disclosed publicly without a patch in accordance with the ZDI 120 day deadline.

05/26/17 - ZDI wrote to Dell requesting a disclosure contact for the product
05/29/17 - Dell responded and provided a vendor contact at Quest
05/29/17 - ZDI reached out to the provided contact
05/30/17 - The contact provided a PGP key to accept disclosure
06/20/17 - The contact provided a group mailing list for further disclosures
05/30/17 - 6/22/17 - ZDI reported 25 vulnerabilities to the contact and/or the group list
07/03/17 - The vendor asked clarifying questions
07/03/17 - ZDI responded
07/10/17 - ZDI responded with further information
11/02/17 - ZDI wrote the contact and the group list requesting a status update
11/17/17 - The ZDI PM called and left a message for the contact and emailed the contact and the group list requesting a status update
12/06/17 - The ZDI PM met with the vendor team by phone at their request and explained the intent to 0-day the reports

This is now fixed with NetVault v11.4.5.15.

-- Mitigation:
Given the nature of the vulnerability, the only salient mitigation strategy is to restrict interaction with the service to trusted machines. Only the clients and servers that have a legitimate procedural relationship with the service should be permitted to communicate with it. This could be accomplished in a number of ways, most notably with firewall rules/whitelisting.

Disclosure Timeline

    2017-12-06 - Vulnerability reported to vendor
    2018-01-16 - Coordinated public release of advisory


This vulnerability was discovered by: